Garden

Crop varieties of zucchini for open ground

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Squashes grow well and bear fruit in almost all regions of Russia. Although not many varieties are represented, gardeners have plenty to choose from. Squashes differ in skin color, ripening speed, growing conditions. The culture is very productive.

Even if you shoot very young fruits, the harvest is enough for the whole family. Below are examples of the most productive varieties of zucchini for open ground.

Early ripening for landing in the ground

Squash differ depending on the rate of ripening. Early include varieties that begin to bear fruit within 35-50 days after the emergence of seedlings. They are often planted in central Russia, in the Urals and in Siberia. Next, the main varieties are described.

Iskander F1

An early hybrid that yields after 38 after sprouting. Zucchini oblong, narrow, with a smooth skin. The weight of one fruit is about 500 g. The plant is resistant to diseases.

Negro

Also an early ripe grade, it is possible to collect the first harvest in 38 days after detection of shoots. The fruits are cylindrical in shape, have a dark color. Plants produce a bountiful harvest. These zucchini are powdery mildew resistant.

White

This variety brings the first fruits 35-40 days after the germination. The crop is plentiful, the plants do not require constant care. Zucchini white, medium size, oval. The weight of one fruit reaches 600-1000 g. The core is soft, light beige.

These zucchini are suitable for different dishes (including children), for canning. White variety is well kept.

White fruiting

Another sort of zucchini with white skin and cream-colored flesh. They are suitable for cultivation in the open field and give a high yield - 8.5 kg of fruit can be harvested per square meter of planting. One zucchini can weigh 600-900 g.

Fruits are cylindrical in shape, the peel is smooth, white. Harvest can be collected within 34-44 days after the emergence of seedlings. The plant matures in the form of a bush. Since it does not take up much space, this is a suitable variety when the land for planting has a small area.

White ultrafast

Continuing the theme of white zucchini, it is worth mentioning this variety. From the moment of emergence of shoots to the first fruits, only 35 days can pass. Zucchini has white skin, rich and juicy flesh. The fruits are universal in use: suitable for cooking and canning. These zucchini are well kept.

Mid-season fruit varieties

As the name implies - mid-ripening - these varieties ripen longer. From the detection of seedlings to the ripening of the first fruits can take about 50-60 days. In this group there are also a lot of zucchini worthy of attention.

Gray zucchini

Mid-season variety, the weight of one zucchini averages 1.3 kg. Differs in high productivity, bears fruit throughout the long period, without reducing speed. Peel of zucchini is greenish with gray speckles, the core is milky-greenish. Since this is a variety, not a hybrid, you can take your seeds from the fruit.

Ronde

This variety is considered early and high-yielding. Its main difference is the fruit of a spherical shape. Such zucchini used for pickling.

Ksyusha F1

From the detection of seedlings to the first harvest, these zucchini take 55-60 days. The hybrid gives fruits of the oblong form, the peel has a ridge surface. With one square meter of planting, you can get up to 9 kg of yield. The hybrid is characterized by high resistance to diseases.

Quand

One of the mid-season varieties. These squashes are characterized by camouflage coloring of the skin and resistance to the adverse effects of the environment (including a lack or excess of moisture, a decrease in temperature).

For eating you need to remove the unripe fruits that have a very pleasant taste. But the overgrown zucchini will no longer be so tasty, it is not used for culinary purposes.

Pasta

Mid-season variety with an unusual property of the pulp. During heat treatment, it breaks up into individual fibers, which in appearance (of course, not to taste) resemble pasta. From here is taken the very name of the variety. The bush grows heavily. Outwardly, these zucchini does not stand out from the others.

Jade (zucchini)

Fruit ripening lasts from 55 to 65 days. It grows in the form of a bush with a small number of lashes. Gives a bountiful harvest, from a square meter of planting you can get up to 15 kg of zucchini. One fruit weighs from 500 to 1500 g. In these zucchini, the skin is dark green, the core is juicy, fibrous. The variety is zoned mainly for the regions of the north-west.

Miracle Orange F1

Refers to mid-ripening hybrids, 50-55 days pass before the first crop appears. These zucchini are grown only in open ground. With one square meter you can get 5 kg of fruit. The zucchini has a peel of a dark yellow shade with a glossy shine, the inside is juicy, cream-colored. Mass of one fruit - up to 700 g.

How to choose a late ripening variety

Maturing late ripening squash is 60 days or more. Here you should pay attention to the following varieties.

Black handsome

Squash, favorite of many gardeners. Refers to late varieties. Included among the favorites due to the long period of fruiting, high yield and excellent external characteristics of the fruit. With a square meter of landings you can get 20 kg of zucchini.

The fruit skin is dark green, almost black, shiny. The pulp is dense, despite the fact that it does not have a sweetish taste, it is excellent for cooking and canning.

Spaghetti Raviolo

This fruit also has a pulp fibrous structure. Zucchini cylindrical shape, greenish skin. As they mature, they become whitish in color. To get the effect of spaghetti in the cooking process, you need to collect them in this form. Fruit length - 20 cm, weight up to 1 kg.

The most fruitful varieties with high taste

For a good variety is very important taste characteristics of the fruit. It is equally important to pay attention to the resistance of the plant to diseases and its yield. The best characteristics are given to the following varieties.

Astoria

Variety zucchini, which grows in the form of a bush. Fruits are oblong in shape, covered with light ribbing. The peel has a dark green color with rare white patches. The flesh is very tasty, dense, light cream color. The weight of one zucchini does not exceed 2 kg. Differs abundant fruiting.

Gribovsky 37

Old variety for open ground, has a highly branching shrub. It takes up to two months from sowing seeds to getting the first crop. It is intended for an open ground, gives a good harvest even in the Siberian climate. It is worth considering that the fruits need to be removed on time, they quickly over-ripen. Overgrown zucchini has a rough skin, and their taste is affected. A new crop is recommended once a week.

Marquise (zucchini)

This variety has excellent taste, due to which it is so appreciated among gardeners. Zucchini early ripe, give a bountiful harvest. They have a developed shrub on which fruits weighing up to 4 kg and up to 50 cm long ripen. They have a cylindrical shape and the skin is green. These zucchini grow better in rainy weather.

Anchor

This is a variety from the category of early ripening. Forms loosely bushy bushes. Courgettes cylindrical, gently tapering near the stem. The skin is light yellow, smooth in texture. It has a high taste. When grown in the open ground fruit can wait after six weeks. These squashes are beautifully stored: they can lie for at least a month without any preparation.

What varieties are adapted for the Urals

Although zucchini fruit well in almost all regions, you should pay attention to varieties adapted to a particular climate. Regarding the Urals, there are quite favorable conditions for these vegetables. They are both planted through seedlings, and directly sown in the ground.

The following are some zucchini, intended primarily for the Ural climate.

Roller

One of the early ripe varieties. Fruits can be removed 36 days after the germination. The variety is characterized by a small bush size. Plants are resistant to temperature drops. If necessary, compact bushes are easy to cover with foil.

Apollo F1

One of the most productive varieties in the Ural climate. Treats early ripening, about 40 days pass before ripening of the first fruits. These zucchini are resistant to cold snaps, blackout.

The mass of fruits that have reached technical maturity is 1 kg. The peel has a light green color with light patches. The flesh of zucchini is white, with high taste. If you do not harvest in time, the fruits can grow up to 3 kg.

Tsukesh

One of the varieties from the category of zucchini. For fruits characteristic oblong shape, dark green peel with rare white patches. The weight of the zucchini is 1.2 kg.

Aeronaut

Continues a row of zucchini squash. The plant is in the form of a compact bush, with a small number of lashes. The variety can be planted not only in the open field, but also in the greenhouse. For ripening of the first fruits it takes 50 days. The flesh of these zucchini is very juicy, has no pronounced sweet taste.

Fruits can reach a weight of 1.5 kg. Well transported. It is worth considering that this variety is unstable to viruses.

Zebra (zucchini)

Treats early ripe grades. From the time of emergence of shoots for the first harvest, you need to wait only 30-40 days. Mostly female flowering, which explains the high productivity of the bushes.

Zucchini oblong shape with a dense skin of an unusual striped color. Resistant to cold weather, tolerate transportation.

Belogor F1

Refers to the earliest hybrids. In some cases, the harvest can be obtained already a month after the first shoots. Due to the compactness of the bush is recommended for areas with a small area. It is considered one of the most productive zucchini.

Fruits are oblong in shape, skin is smooth, greenish-white color. The weight of a vegetable marrow can reach 1 kg.

Important! Although almost all zucchini can grow in the Ural climate, Apollo F1 and Bely will produce the greatest yield.

How to choose a sort of zucchini for cultivation in Siberia

The Siberian climate has characteristic features that negatively affect vegetable production. If the summer falls cold and rainy, chances are the plants are affected by fungal diseases. Therefore, it is better to pay attention to varieties and hybrids that are resistant to such conditions.

Long-fruited

This variety is resistant to bacteriosis. The plant forms a small shrub. The fruits are covered with a smooth and thin skin, slightly ribbed at the base. By weight reach 0.9 kg.

The flesh of zucchini is very tender and tasty. However, due to the thin peel of the fruit is stored only for a short time.

Pharaoh (zucchini)

One of the early ripening varieties adapted to the Siberian climate. Bushes give a bountiful harvest. Squashes are covered with dark green peel with small white dots. Upon reaching biological maturity, they acquire a black and green hue. Fruits have a yellow flesh, crispy and pleasant to the taste. Weight reaches 0.8 kg. The plant resists gray rot.

Polar bear

Ultra fast variety resistant to cooling and transportation. Before the first harvest will have to wait only 36 days. Fruits are smooth, oval. Squashes are well kept, although they have a thin skin.

Conclusion

Choose a variety of zucchini for cultivation in the open field is not so difficult. From the early ones you can try White, White-fruited, Iskander F1 or Negro. For lovers of the late and long-playing harvest fit among other Nephritis, handsome Black, Miracle orange F1. We derived zucchini for regions with a cold and humid climate. It is important to choose a suitable variety and follow the recommendations regarding its preparation for sowing and subsequent planting in open ground.

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