Any crop planted on the site consumes beneficial nutrients for development from the soil and the surrounding air. Not always the size of the site can dramatically change crop rotation. Therefore, to obtain a good harvest of winter garlic, it is necessary to nourish the plants. With a shortage of any element it is difficult to expect to receive large and healthy heads. The amount of fertilizers and dressings depends on the composition and fertility of the soil, the climatic conditions of the region. In this article we will pay attention to the issue of feeding winter garlic.
Winter garlic has a higher yield than spring.
It matures earlier, forms beautiful large heads. But not always can be stored until the new harvest. It depends on storage conditions and climatic extremes.
Strong bactericidal property of the plant allowed him to take one of the first places in the list of crops for growing in the country. It is considered quite unpretentious, but it is simply necessary to feed it in the spring. She will give him a complex of essential nutrients for active growth. Why spring? After the snow melts, the winter garlic immediately grows and he needs support. In addition to fertilizing, for planting plants required to apply fertilizer to the soil.
Rules for feeding winter garlic
The culture is considered frost-resistant and moisture-loving. Winter garlic prefers not sour soil, grows well on loams. Feed the plant in early spring and autumn immediately after planting.
Garlic Autumn Feeding
It is carried out 3-4 weeks before landing in the ground. This is done in order to give the earth a little time to settle after digging. If time is limited, the beds are shed with water with the addition of antiseptic preparations. Then landing can begin in a week. Planting in loose soil leads to the deepening of the teeth and later sprouting shoots.
Excellent nutrition for the winter plant is considered a combination of organic and mineral components. Take high-quality humus or compost, add to it:
- wood ash or dolomite flour;
- potassium fertilizer (good potassium sulfate 30 g);
- phosphate fertilizers (double superphosphate can be in the amount of 15 g).
Fertilizer application is easiest at the time of digging the ridges. After the cloves are planted, the ridges are covered with a layer of rotted manure. It gives extra power.Important! Fresh manure for winter garlic is not suitable. It can provoke the development of diseases.
Care should also be taken when applying nitrogen in the fall. Some summer residents additionally add urea, ammonium nitrate to the nutritional composition. Their introduction can lead to oversaturation of the plant with nitrogen, which will lead to its germination. As a result, it will simply freeze out in winter, and it will not work to wait for the harvest. Organics, which have been made before planting, will provide winter garlic with a sufficient amount of nitrogen. In the case when the organics are not made, also do not rush with the addition of urea. Its addition to the ground is justified in the northern regions and with a delayed landing. In this case, the nitrogen components are needed for better rooting of garlic and its early awakening after winter. Enough 15 grams of urea or urea per 1 square. square meter.
Some gardeners start preparing the ridges for winter garlic in September, fertilize and dig the soil in advance.
Spring dressing of garlic
Top dressing of winter garlic in the spring is repeated three times:
The first time it is carried out a week after the snow melts. The first feeding at this time serves as a stimulator for the growth of green mass of the plant. It is acceptable to add urea or carbamide to the feed composition.
The second feeding time is 14 days after the first one. Now winter garlic needs nutrition with phosphorus and potassium, because it is time to form the head. These components do not decompose quickly, therefore fertilizers for winter garlic are applied in advance in the form of a solution.Important! From mid-June, nitrogen-containing components are not added.
The third time they feed winter garlic in early June. This is not quite an early spring, but this feeding is considered the third spring. Now it is important to ensure that the plant does not receive nitrogen. Otherwise, the rifle will begin, and the culture will not form big heads. Well feed the winter plant in the spring of ash as a potash fertilizer. And do it during the third feeding. It is very important as a corrective. It is at this moment that one can determine which elements are missing for good development of winter garlic and fix the situation in time. The duration of the first and second feeding can be shifted, and the third is carried out strictly on schedule. They brought in earlier - they fed not the onion, but the leaves. Late - the leaves dry, and there is no longer any sense in feeding.
Additional nutritional advice
A good addition to the basic nutrition is foliar feeding. It is carried out with the help of irrigation of the entire aboveground part.
The method allows the plant to quickly absorb the beneficial components that are absorbed through the root system for longer. The dosage of the nutritional composition is halved and the leaves are sprayed in a convenient way. Be sure to combine foliar feeding with watering.Important! Foliar fertilization is unable to replace the main power, it serves as an additional component in the overall scheme.
A root-dressing is carried out twice a season, when the phase of active growth of the plant begins.
Separately, it should be noted top dressing of winter culture with woody ashes. It is enough to scatter it in the aisle or make special grooves along the rows. You can use the infusion of ash (per bucket of water 100 g of the component). They poured grooves and immediately covered with soil.
Culture responds well to the alternation of ash solutions with infusions of mullein and bird droppings. With such a scheme, it is necessary to observe a break in order not to overdose fertilizers.
Proper nutrition of winter garlic in the open field ensures a good harvest and high-quality product. It matures earlier than spring, therefore gardeners always allocate a place for this plant.
How to prepare compounds for dressings
Composition with manure and ash
For its preparation, slurry is needed in relation to water 1: 6 and wood ash per 200 g per 1 square meter. square meter. Manure need to take rotten and quality. It is allowed to make 2-3 times during the growing season of winter garlic.
A solution of urea for watering garlic beds is prepared from one tablespoon of the component and a bucket of water. One bucket is enough for watering 5 square meters.
Organics are required to make in the amount of 7-8 kg per 1 square meter of soil.
Superphosphate for the third dressing is diluted in the amount of 2 tablespoons per bucket of water. The bucket is distributed over 2 square meters of soil.
Organic top dressing
Mullein infusion is a complex fertilizer for winter garlic. Prepared in proportion 1: 7 with water.
Bird droppings are bred more. On 1 part of the litter take water 15 times more.
Feeding winter garlic is important and responsible. It is a guarantee of a good harvest, but it is necessary to observe the terms, types and proportions of the compositions. Performing all these parameters, you will ensure a good harvest on your site.